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Serving Since:
December 06, 2001
for 5771 days

Chao

City: Eau Claire
State: Wisconsin
Country: United States
 
Chao's Blogs 5 Blog Entries
I am so stressful   July 27, 2012, 4:20 pm
I have nothing to write anymore on this blog. I thought about a lot of things I would get out of my mind, but nothing is worth risking on a public internet. I am still looking for work and I am also babysitting a little 4 month old girls. She does nothing more than smiles at me when I am in a bad mood, and scream at me when I am out of her sight. I have been babysitting my daughter for more than half a year now. I literally have no income. Being out of school this long without a job makes me wonder if I should consider going for a master or change career. It is easier to have a job and money so no one can say worthless things to you.
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2011's deadly tornadoes killed hundreds in the US   April 28, 2011, 10:07 am
It's a scary thing to think about. This year is the most deadly year ever cause by natural disaster. Japan was hit by continuous earthquake and the USA is hit by powerful tornadoes in large scale. THe weather pattern has definitely changed.
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Armadillo - source of leprosy carrier   April 28, 2011, 10:03 am

Researchers have fingered a common critter—the armadillo—as the likely source of leprosy among some Americans who contracted the rare disease in the U.S.

A new study links exposure to wild armadillos and some cases of leprosy in the south.

Using genetic sequencing, the researchers found that infected armadillos captured in five southern states had the same strain of Mycobacterium leprae, the agent that causes leprosy, as that found in some patients from southern states diagnosed with the disease.

"The strains are genetically identical," said Richard Truman, a researcher in the National Hansen's Disease Program, a federally funded treatment program for leprosy, and the lead author of the study. "That provides a clear biological link between the infection that occurs in human beings and those that occur in animals."

Dr. Truman headed an international team of researchers who determined the strain was different from any others associated with leprosy infections elsewhere in the world, adding validity to the armadillo link.

Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said the finding was the result of "a very neat, ingenious type of molecular fingerprinting," and that it "is essentially proof" that contact with armadillos caused the infection in people with the same strain.

Dr. Fauci wasn't involved with the study, but NIAID was a sponsor of the research. The study is being published Thursday in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Leprosy is rare in the U.S., with fewer than 250 new cases reported each year, most of them acquired overseas. But in one-third of cases, patients weren't out of the country or couldn't recall contact with another infected person, leaving researchers uncertain of the source of the bacterium.

Armadillos are the only non-human animals known to harbor the infection, and in some cases in recent years doctors have suspected the odd-looking animals, which appear cloaked in a suit of armor. The study is the first to use advanced sequencing technology to investigate the link.

Gallo Images/Getty Images

A nine-banded Armadillo drinks from pond in Texas.

Malady's Milestones | History of an old disease

2000 B.C. Earliest case of leprosy to be identified by archaeologists, on a human skeleton in India.

1750s First cases in U.S. reported in New Orleans area.

1873 Norwegian physician Gerhard Hansen identifies Mycobacterium leprae as cause of leprosy, now also known as Hansen's disease.

1941 First medicinal treatment, Promin, requires a painful daily injection but has remarkable effects.

1960s Researchers develop initial multiple-drug regimens to prevent drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium leprae from developing.

1970s Armadillos are found to be uniquely susceptible to infection with Mycobacterium leprae, making them a staple of animal studies of leprosy.

1980s-2000s Several small studies suggest that contact with wild armadillos is a risk factor for acquiring leprosy.

Source: National Hansen's Disease Program; New England Journal of Medicine

Researchers said that despite the findings, the risk of acquiring the infection from armadillos was exceptionally low. "It's not that we're expecting a real public-health threat with leprosy," Dr. Fauci said.

The value of the study is that it could prompt doctors encountering patients with unexplained skin lesions to ask whether they have handled armadillos.

"Leprosy is an eminently treatable disease if you recognize it early on," Dr. Fauci said.

The most likely way people might acquire the infection would be through contact with blood or uncooked flesh from the armadillo, according to James L. Krahenbuhl, director of the National Hansen's Disease Program. "The bacteria are not highly invasive and require a cut or scratch to cross the skin barrier," he said. Leprosy is also known as Hansen's disease.

Armadillos are commonplace in the south, having adapted much like squirrels to urban and suburban environments. People who hunt the animals or pick up armadillos killed on the road, for instance, could be at risk.

A skin rash is usually the first sign of leprosy, accompanied by a loss of sensation caused by involvement of nerves in and just under the skin, said Dr. Krahenbuhl. Untreated, that loss can progress to severe nerve damage, and paralysis and disfigurement of fingers and toes. Contrary to myth and movie portrayals, leprosy doesn't cause limbs to rot or fall off.

U.S. patients are typically treated with a three-drug antibiotic regimen that kills the bacteria almost immediately. But patients are prescribed the drugs for up to two years to minimize chances a drug-resistant strain could develop. Some 3,600 Americans are currently being treated, said Dr. Krahenbuhl.

In addition to the U.S. researchers, who were also based at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, scientists from Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland, the Institut Pasteur in Paris and the Instituto de Biomedicina, Caracas, Venezuela, participated in the study.

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Change last name to Secret   April 18, 2011, 7:17 pm
Here is an thought for the day:

I can change my last name to Secret, so that nobody will know what it is, and the children will have names like:

Mai Secret
Youa Secret
Victoria Secret
Keepete Secret


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Welcome back to NplaimHlub   January 6, 2011, 1:17 pm

During the last upgrade, the sever has gone horribly wrong. The program no longer keeps track of member login, and member cannot post or stay online. I was going to gix the problem sooner, but I had to wait for school to finish first. Since Christmas break, I have been working on modifying the scrípt to improve performance. No matter what I did, XOOPS won't work properly. Then I found out that the server, the program, and XOOPS are not on the same page and its not easy to make them work together. Each time XOOPS went down, it took a lot of time to fix, therefore I decided to run Nplaim Hlub on a custom scrípt which I have been working on. Although it is not a perfect scrípt, it is easier to fix when there is error.

So, from here on, Nplaim Hlub will look very different from the last 10 years, but you will get used to the new layout.

I managed to import every members and the associated information to the new database. I hope nobody is missing. If anyone is missing, please register again and forgive me.

There are many pictures on the old NH site that had been imported to the new one. I am going to start transferring the ownership to the rightful owner so the owner can take control of the photos and everything else that the owner owns.

Well, if you spot any error or anything that is not working right, please do report the error to me.

Enjoy...

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